Sir Francis Bacon was a jack-of-all-trades after his birth in England in 1561. The most famous of his works is his contributions to the the politics of England, and his intellectual gifts to science.
Bacon was born in a pretty well-off family, and was eventually elected a member of Parliament. He was quite the liberal reformer of his time. He advocated for simpler government, lesser use of dictatorial powers (despite being friendly with the crown), religious freedom, and the union of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
He eventually went up the ranks, and became Lord Chancellor. However his big job was short-lived after he fell in debt and charged with corruption. He was slapped with a hefty fine, and imprisoned. Which was quickly reduced to almost nothing a few days later. Despite his luck of getting out of trouble, his political career was pretty much over.
Despite the shame of his later public office life, he out-shined himself as a scientist. He is considered the "Father of Experimental Science" for his works. Though we don't use really any direct inventions or ideas of his today, his contributions led to the advancement of the Industrial Revolution and so-on. One of his biographers wrote that "Bacon's influence in modern world is so great that every man who rides in a train, sends a telegram, follows a steam plough, sits in an easy chair, crosses the channel or the Atlantic, eats a good dinner, enjoys a beautiful garden, or undergoes a painless surgical operation, owes him something."
He died in 1626 at the age of 65 after conducting an experiment. Bacon wanted to know the full effects of freezing meat as a preservative. However while out in the snow, he caught a bad case of pneumonia and kicked the bucket.