Helene Mayer was a German woman who had a Jewish father and a Lutheran mother. She was an Olympic fencer who won the gold medal in the 1928 Summer Games in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Due to the anti-semitic laws in Germany during the 1930's, she left Germany and settled in the United States. She oddly accepted Germany's request to compete on behalf of her birth-nation in the 1936 Berlin games as long as she appeared to be "German" and her half-Jewish ancestry was kept a "secret". She won silver that year, and claimed that she did so to protect family that remained in Germany. After World War II, she moved to West Germany and kept pretty quiet on the matter until her death in 1953.