Wong Kim Ark was born in San Francisco, California to Chinese parents in 1873. He would be later be discriminated against by various anti-immigration laws targeted towards Chinese immigrants, for which he wasn't allowed back into the country. The case went up to the Supreme Court which heavily ruled in his favor. While his parents were born subjects of the Emperor of China, they were not employed as diplomats or any other official role for the Chinese Imperial Government. The case in 1898 ruled that virtually any child of non-diplomats were U.S. citizens at birth, regardless of their parentage as regular people fall under the jurisdiction of the United States and its laws.